In recent years, a growing number of authors have turned their attention to the question
of why children work. The purpose of this paper is to review some of the more recent theoretical
and empirical research into the topic of child labour, and to illustrate the fact that no one factor on
its own can account for the phenomenon of child labour. Therefore, policies aimed at eradicating
child labour will need to address the broad range of underlying factors that contribute to the
incidence of child labour, such as poverty, market imperfections and access to education.