Working Paper 56 focuses on the identification of victims of human trafficking from third countries in the asylum process and in the event of forced return, including general conditions under criminal, asylum and residence act.
The German Penal Code (StGB) addresses various types of human trafficking: for sexual exploitation (Section 232 StGB), for labour exploitation (Section 233 StGB), and for facilitating human trafficking (Section 233a StGB).
The German residence act (Aufenthaltsgesetz –AufenthG) provides for a reflection and stabilisation period of at least three months (Section 59, Subs. 7 AufenthG). Under Section 25, Subs. 4a AufenthG, residence act also allows for residence on humanitarian grounds for the duration of criminal proceedings. Subsidiary protection can also be ensured beyond the duration of criminal proceedings under Section 60, Subs. 2 AufenthG if the foreigner faces a tangible risk of torture or inhumane or degrading treatment or punishment in the country of origin. Furthermore, victims of human trafficking have access to statutory assistance under the Asylum Seekers’ Benefits Act and to compensation under the Victims Compensation Act when certain requirements are met.